Solar power generation in Tamil Nadu and Telangana, India
The states of Tamil Nadu and Telangana, India, have a population of 78.8 million and 39.9 million respectively. Together, these states cover 242,135 square kilometres in southern and central India.
At the same time, India’s energy needs are rapidly increasing, with growth in electricity and energy demand among the highest in the world. Although there has been progress in renewable energy generation, 54.67% of energy in India still comes from coal. There needs to be a rapid transition towards clean energy, of which solar is particularly important in India, which has the third-largest solar market in the world.
Solar PV (photovoltaic) energy is generated by transforming solar energy into electricity. This is done by using special materials within cells of a solar panel called semiconductors. When light hits these semiconductors it displaces electrons from the semiconductor’s atoms, and these electrons can be captured in the form of an electrical current.
The purpose of this project is to generate electricity using solar energy and sell the power generated to the state grid. The generated electricity will be exported to the regional grid system which is under the purview of the new, interconnected national electricity grid of India.
Each year, this project will displace 95,145 MWh of electricity from the generation-mix of power plants connected to the grid, which is mainly dominated by fossil fuel based power plants. The power generated will displace the fossil fuel power in the grid, avoiding emissions which would be produced by fossil fuel electricity generation. The emissions reductions are projected to equal approximately 93,000 tonnes CO2e per year.
The project also contributes to the UN Sustainable Development Goals through providing access to affordable clean energy (SDG 7), providing good employment to local people (SDG 8), and of course, emissions reductions to contribute to climate action (SDG 13).